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Mol Microbiol. 2001 Oct;42(1):111-20.

In vitro transcription of PrfA-dependent and -independent genes of Listeria monocytogenes.

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Biozentrum (Mikrobiologie), University of Wuerzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Wuerzburg, Germany.


In vitro transcription starting from the promoters of the Listeria monocytogenes genes hly, plcA, actA, mpl, prfA and iap has been studied. Whereas transcription from Phly, PplcA and PactA is strictly PrfA-dependent, that from Piap, PprfA1/2 and, unexpectedly, also from Pmpl is independent. Initiation of in vitro transcription at all tested promoters except PprfA requires high concentrations of ATP but not GTP. The nucleotides required in higher concentrations for efficient in vitro transcription are always included in the first three nucleotides of the corresponding transcript. RNA polymerase prepared from L. monocytogenes cultured either in rich culture medium (RNAP(BHI)), exposed to heat shock conditions (RNAP48) or conditioned in minimal essential medium (RNAP(MEM)) shows significant differences in the transcription efficiencies when transcription is initiated at these promoters. Transcription starting from the PrfA-dependent promoters PactA and Phly is enhanced with RNAP48 and RNAP(MEM) (in relation to Piap-mediated transcription), while transcription from the other promoters is reduced when compared with RNAP(BHI). These data suggest that in vivo transcription of the genes actA and hly may not function optimally with RNA polymerase loaded with the vegetative sigma factor 43, but may require a modified RNA polymerase, possibly loaded with an alternative sigma factor.

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