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Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2001 Jul;68(1):21-8.

Expression of the nuclear coactivator AIB1 in normal and malignant breast tissue.

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Department of Oncology, Vincent T. Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20007, USA.


The gene of the nuclear receptor coactivator AIB1 (amplified in breast cancer 1) is amplified in breast cancer cell lines as well as in breast tumor tissues. AIB1 mRNA is often highly expressed (>60%) in primary breast tumors and it has been shown that AIB1 enhances estrogen and progesterone dependent transcription in vitro. Therefore, it has been postulated that AIB1 contributes to the development of breast cancer. However, to date, it has not been shown that AIB1 amplification and overexpression correlates with elevated protein levels in breast cancer tissues. In this study we analyzed protein levels of AIB1 in normal and breast tumor tissues by immunohistochemistry. We compared 41 human breast tumor tissues with 24 normal breast tissue samples and found that AIB1 stained in the nuclei of approximately 46% of the tumors and 30% of the normal tissues. Overall, AIB1 protein levels were significantly higher in tumor tissue than in normal tissue and the highest levels of nuclear staining were found exclusively in breast tumor tissues in 9.8% of the cases. These data suggest that increased AIB1 mRNA expression does not always translate into elevated protein levels and that AIB1 most likely will be relevant to the etiology of a subset of about 10% of breast carcinomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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