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Am J Cardiol. 1975 Mar;35(3):337-45.

Mechanism of left ventricular outlfow obstruction in patients with obstructive asymmetric septal hypertrophy (idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis).

Abstract

Left ventricular outflow obstruction in patients with idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis or obstructive asymmetric septal hypertrophy is due to abnormal forward motion during systole of the anterior mitral leaflet. To determine why some patients with this disease hav left ventricular outflow obstruction whereas others do not, we studied a large number of patiens with assymetric septal hypertrophy using both one- and two-dimensional echocardiography. In 100 patients with asymmetric septal hypertrophy and 22 normal subjects, mitral valve position at the onset of systole was quantitated by measuring the distance from the ventricular septum to the mitral valve and the distance from the mitral valve to the posterior left ventricular wall. None of the normal subjects and only 3 (6 percent) of 51 patients with nonobstructive asymmetric septal hypertrophy had a septal-mitral valve distance of less than 20 mm compared with 23 (66 percent) of 35 patients with obstructive asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Moreover, the mitral valve at the onset of systole was actually positioned forward in the left ventricular activity. Two-dimensional studies in 11 patients with obstructive asymmetric septal hypertrophy revealed that contraction of the malaligned papillary muscles did not cause the abnormal forward mitral valve motion. We propose that the left ventricular outflow obstruction in patients with obstructive asymmetric septal hypertrophy occurs as a result of two factors: (1) narrowing of the left ventricular outflow tract at the onset of systole, and (2) hydrodynamic forces generated by contraction on the left ventricle.

PMID:
1167730
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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