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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Nov 2;288(3):499-502.

Hydrolysis of oxidized nucleotides by the Escherichia coli Orf135 protein.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita-12, Nishi-6, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-0812, Japan.


To examine the possibility that the Orf135 protein of Escherichia coli functions as a hydrolyzing enzyme for a damaged DNA precursor (deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphate), we purified the recombinant Orf135 protein and incubated it with oxidized deoxynucleotides. Of the nucleotides tested, 2-hydroxydeoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate, and somewhat less efficiently, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphate, were hydrolyzed by this protein. These damaged deoxynucleotides elicit transversion mutations in E. coli (Inoue, M., Kamiya, H., Fujikawa, K., Ootsuyama, Y., Murata-Kamiya, N., Osaki, T., Yasumoto, K., Kasai, H. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 11069-11074). These results suggest that this protein may be involved in the prevention of mutations induced by these oxidized deoxynucleotides.

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