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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Oct 23;98(22):12695-700.

Impaired response to HAART in HIV-infected individuals with high autonomic nervous system activity.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. coles@nicco.sscnet.ucla.edu

Abstract

Neurotransmitters can accelerate HIV-1 replication in vitro, leading us to examine whether differences in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity might promote residual HIV-1 replication in patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. Patients who showed constitutively high levels of ANS activity before highly active antiretroviral therapy experienced poorer suppression of plasma viral load and poorer CD4(+) T cell recovery over 3-11 months of therapy. ANS activity was not related to demographic or behavioral characteristics that might influence pathogenesis. However, the ANS neurotransmitter norepinephrine enhanced replication of both CCR5- and CXCR4-tropic strains of HIV-1 in vitro via chemokine receptor up-regulation and enhanced viral gene expression, suggesting that neural activity may directly promote residual viral replication.

PMID:
11675501
PMCID:
PMC60116
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.221134198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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