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J Immunol. 2001 Nov 1;167(9):5092-8.

Targeting of tumor cells for human gammadelta T cells by nonpeptide antigens.

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Department of Immunology and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Biostudies, and Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


Human Vgamma2/Vdelta2(+) gammadelta T cells respond to low molecular-mass nonpeptide Ags in a gammadelta TCR-dependent manner. Although requirements of Ag presentation have remained controversial, we have indicated that specific responses of the primary gammadelta T cells to pamidronate were dependent on monocytic adherent cells for Ag presentation. Here, we show that human tumor cells can efficiently present aminobisphosphonate and pyrophosphomonoester compounds to gammadelta T cells, inducing specific proliferation and IFN-gamma production. gammadelta TCR dependency of the response to Ag-pulsed tumor cells was confirmed by using a Jurkat line transfected with a Vgamma2/Vdelta2 gammadelta TCR. Furthermore, gammadelta T cells exhibited markedly enhanced cytotoxicity against the Ag-pulsed tumor cells as compared with untreated tumor cells. Survey of a number of human tumor cell lines of different origins revealed that the majority of them became susceptible for gammadelta T cell-mediated cytotoxicity following the Ag pulsing except for breast cancer lines so far examined, while normal PHA blast cells remained resistant. The results not only imply a unique mode of nonpeptide Ag recognition by human gammadelta T cells but also may provide a novel strategic clue for immunotherapy of human malignancy.

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