Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2002 Mar 8;277(10):8602-10. Epub 2001 Oct 22.

Membrane protein topology of oleosin is constrained by its long hydrophobic domain.

Author information

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary AB T2N 1N4, Canada.


Oleosin proteins from Arabidopsis assume a unique endoplasmic reticulum (ER) topology with a membrane-integrated hydrophobic (H) domain of 72 residues, flanked by two cytosolic hydrophilic domains. We have investigated the targeting and topological determinants present within the oleosin polypeptide sequence using ER-derived canine pancreatic microsomes. Our data indicate that oleosins are integrated into membranes by a cotranslational, translocon-mediated pathway. This is supported by the identification of two independent functional signal sequences in the H domain, and by demonstrating the involvement of the SRP receptor in membrane targeting. Oleosin topology was manipulated by the addition of an N-terminal cleavable signal sequence, resulting in translocation of the N terminus to the microsomal lumen. Surprisingly, the C terminus failed to translocate. Inhibition of C-terminal translocation was not dependent on either the sequence of hydrophobic segments in the H domain, the central proline knot motif or charges flanking the H domain. Therefore, the topological constraint results from the length and/or the hydrophobicity of the H domain, implying a general case that long hydrophobic spans are unable to translocate their C terminus to the ER lumen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center