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Vaccine. 2001 Nov 12;20(3-4):563-76.

Vaccine-induced antibodies to the native, oligomeric envelope glycoproteins of primary HIV-1 isolates.

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1
VaxGen Inc., 1000 Marina Boulevard, Brisbane, CA 94005-1841, USA.

Abstract

A simple and sensitive method for measuring antibodies to primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolates has been developed. The flow cytometric immuno-fluorescence assay detects antibodies that bind to the native, oligomeric form of the envelope glycoprotein (gp120) expressed on the surface of PM-1 cells infected with primary isolates of HIV-1. Sera from people infected with HIV-1 or those immunized with recombinant gp120 vaccines were tested. Significant correlation was observed between neutralizing activity and oligomeric gp120 binding activity. Thirteen to 100% of individuals immunized with the subtype B bivalent vaccine AIDSVAX B/B developed oligomeric gp120 binding antibodies against a variety of subtype B primary isolates. For several isolates, AIDSVAX B/B sera reacted better than monovalent AIDSVAX B sera, suggesting that addition of the second immunogen improved the breadth of the antibody response. Cross-subtype binding activities, induced by AIDSVAX B/B, were lower than activities to subtype B isolates, suggesting that additional immunogen(s) may be desirable in vaccine(s) formulated for geographic regions where non-B subtypes are dominant.

PMID:
11672923
DOI:
10.1016/s0264-410x(01)00334-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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