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Vaccine. 2001 Nov 12;20(3-4):505-15.

A novel liposomal influenza vaccine (INFLUSOME-VAC) containing hemagglutinin-neuraminidase and IL-2 or GM-CSF induces protective anti-neuraminidase antibodies cross-reacting with a wide spectrum of influenza A viral strains.

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Hadassah Medical School, The Lautenberg Center for General and Tumor Immunology, Hebrew University, P.O. Box 12272, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.


A liposomal influenza vaccine (INFLUSOME-VAC) was developed with the objective of overcoming the major drawbacks of the currently used influenza vaccines: their relatively low efficacy in certain high-risk groups (the elderly, infants, the immunosuppressed) and the need for annual immunization. INFLUSOME-VAC consists of liposomes containing the viral surface proteins hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) derived from various influenza strains and IL-2 or GM-CSF, as an adjuvant. Vaccination of mice showed that, whereas conventional vaccines induced a low- and short-term response against HA and very low or no anti-NA response, INFLUSOME-VAC produced high titers of both anti-HA and anti-NA antibodies (Abs) in young and old mice that persisted for at least 6 months. Moreover, the anti-NA Abs efficiently cross-reacted with several N2 viral subtypes spanning 20 years, and such vaccines afforded partial protection against heterosubtypic viral infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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