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Int J Cancer. 2001 Nov 20;95(6):360-3.

Increased survivin transcript levels: an independent negative predictor of survival in soft tissue sarcoma patients.

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Institute of Pathology, University of Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany.


Survivin, a recently identified inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP), is expressed in diverse embryonic tissues and in various human cancers. We have investigated the quantitative expression of survivin mRNA by a sensitive TaqMan-based RT-PCR assay in tissue samples from 94 patients with soft tissue sarcomas (STS). Survivin transcript levels were measured and normalized to GAPDH transcripts. By using a multivariate Cox regression analysis, we found an inverse correlation between the level of survivin mRNA (ratio >2 zmol survivin/amol GAPDH) and the rate of overall survival (p = 0.009, RR = 2.7). Survivin transcript variants as detected by qualitative RT-PCR analysis were revealed in 36 of 56 STS patients (64%). Only survivin DeltaEx3 and/or full-length survivin variants but not survivin 2B were identified. Our results suggest that a higher level of survivin mRNA is an independent predictor of survival for STS patients.

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