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J AAPOS. 2001 Oct;5(5):307-10.

Magnetic resonance imaging in ophthalmoplegic migraine of children.

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Department of Surgery, F. Edward H├ębert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.



To present 2 children with ophthalmoplegic migraine and characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings post enhancement with gadopentetate dimeglumine diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA).


Two patients, ages 3 years and 7 years, underwent MRI during the acute phases of a recurring oculomotor palsy. MRI was repeated several weeks later as symptoms resolved.


In both cases, enhancement and thickening of the cisternal segment of the oculomotor nerve were present at initial presentation. Ophthalmoplegia resolved spontaneously in 1 child and after steroid treatment in the other. Both postresolution MRIs demonstrated decrease in enhancement and thickening of the third nerve.


The enhancing, thickened lesion identified on MRI in our patients may represent an inflammatory process similar to Tolosa-Hunt syndrome occurring in the interpeduncular segment of the oculomotor nerve. Patients with ophthalmoplegic migraine may, therefore, benefit from the use of steroids. MRI of the brain post enhancement is a useful adjunct in the diagnosis and treatment of ophthalmoplegic migraine and should be considered as part of a workup of ophthalmoplegic migraine in children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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