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Cerebrovasc Dis. 2001;12(3):264-71.

Post-stroke depression, antidepressant treatment and rehabilitation results. A case-control study.

Author information

1
Fondazione Santa Lucia-IRCCS, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy. s.paolucci@hsantalucia.it

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the specific influence of poststroke depression (PSD) on both basal functional status and rehabilitation results. We performed a case-control study in 290 stroke inpatients, matched for age (+/-1 year) and onset admission interval (+/-3 days) and divided in two groups according to the presence (PSD+) or absence (PSD-) of PSD. All PSD+ patients were treated with antidepressants (AD), mainly with fluoxetine. PSD+ patients, despite similar severity of stroke, showed greater disability in coping with activities of daily living (ADL) on admission and greater disability both in ADL and mobility at discharge than PSD- patients. Although both groups exhibited similar average functional improvement during rehabilitation, PSD- patients were nearly twice as likely to show excellent recovery both on ADL and mobility as PSD+ patients (OR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.01-3.75 and OR = 2.23, 95% CI = 1.14-4.35, respectively). All AD drugs improved depressive symptoms. Few relevant side effects were observed: fluoxetine was discontinued in 2 patients because of insomnia and in 2 patients because of nausea; paroxetine was stopped in 1 patient because of nausea and dry mouth. Our results confirm the unfavorable influence of PSD on functional outcome, despite pharmacological treatment.

PMID:
11641594
DOI:
10.1159/000047714
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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