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Cerebrovasc Dis. 2001;12(3):203-13.

Correlation between diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MRI and neurological deficit measured by the Scandinavian Stroke Scale and Barthel Index in hyperacute subcortical stroke (< or = 6 hours).

Author information

1
Department of Neuroradiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. Lisbeth@pet.auh.dk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We used combined diffusion-weighted (DWI) and perfusion-weighted (PWI) MRI to characterize hyperacute infarctions within 6 h of symptom onset with special reference to subcortical infarctions, and investigated the relation between perfusion-diffusion mismatch volume and functional outcome.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Twenty-two patients presenting with symptoms of acute stroke underwent DWI and PWI within 6 h of symptom onset, and follow-up MRI 30 days later. Twelve of these had a subcortical infarction on acute DWI. Lesion volumes were measured by acute DWI and PWI as well as chronic T(2)-weighted MRI (T2WI). Clinical severity was measured by the Scandinavian Stroke Scale (SSS) and the Barthel Index (BI).

RESULTS:

In the 12 patients with subcortical infarctions, PWI and especially DWI correlated strongly with acute and chronic neurological SSS score, as well as with final infarct volume. Furthermore, a hyperacute PWI/DWI mismatch in this subgroup predicted lesion growth. There was a weaker correlation between acute DWI/PWI and neurological score among all 22 patients, and patients with a PWI/DWI mismatch larger than 100 ml had a significantly larger lesion growth and a poorer outcome than patients with a smaller mismatch.

CONCLUSIONS:

Subcortical infarctions may represent a sizeable subgroup of acute stroke patients. Also subcortical infarctions may have a PWI/DWI mismatch and therefore may respond to neuroprotective/thrombolytic therapy. Hyperacute DWI may reflect the acute clinical status and predict the outcome in patients with subcortical infarction.

PMID:
11641585
DOI:
47705
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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