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Oncogene. 2001 Oct 1;20(44):6482-91.

Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFs).

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Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK.


Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFS) were initially discovered as adaptor proteins that couple the tumor necrosis factor receptor family to signaling pathways. More recently they have also been shown to be signal transducers of Toll/interleukin-1 family members. Six members of the TRAF family have been identified. All TRAF proteins share a C-terminal homology region termed the TRAF domain that is capable of binding to the cytoplasmic domain of receptors, and to other TRAF proteins. In addition, TRAFs 2-6 have RING and zinc finger motifs that are important for signaling downstream events. TRAF proteins are thought to be important regulators of cell death and cellular responses to stress, and TRAF2, TRAF5 and TRAF6 have been demonstrated to mediate activation of NF-kappaB and JNK. TRAF proteins are expressed in normal and diseased tissue in a regulated fashion, suggesting that they play an important role in physiological and pathological processes.

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