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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Apr 11;92(8):3209-13.

Detection of one slowly exchanging substrate water molecule in the S3 state of photosystem II.

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Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.


The exchangeability of the substrate water molecules at the catalytic site of water oxidation in photosystem II has been probed by isotope-exchange measurements using mass spectrometric detection of flash-induced oxygen evolution. A stirred sample chamber was constructed to reduce the lag time between injection of H2(18)O and the detecting flash by a factor of more than 1000 compared to the original experiments by R. Radmer and O. Ollinger [(1986) FEBS Lett. 195, 285-289]. Our data show that there is a slow (t1/2 approximately 500 ms, 10 degrees C) and a fast (t1/2 <25 ms, 10 degrees C) exchanging substrate water molecule in the S3 state of photosystem II. The slow exchange is coupled with an activation energy of about 75 kJ/mol and is discussed in terms of a terminal manganese oxo ligand, while the faster exchanging substrate molecule may represent a water molecule not directly bound to the manganese center.

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