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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Oct 26;288(2):356-61.

Uniaxial cyclic stretch induces focal adhesion kinase (FAK) tyrosine phosphorylation followed by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation.

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Department of Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.


We investigated the role of tyrosine phosphorylation of FAK in the stretch-induced MAPKs (extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38MAPK) activation in mutant FAK-transfected fibroblasts. In response to uniaxial cyclic stretch (1 Hz, 120% in length), the levels of tyrosine phosphorylation of the Tyr-397 and Tyr-925 of FAK in control cells increased and peaked at 5 min (2.75 +/- 0.51, n = 3), and 20 min (2.98 +/- 0.58, n = 3), respectively, and the activities of MAPKs increased and peaked at approximately 10 min. On the other hand, in the mutant FAK-transfected cells, the stretch-induced MAPKs activation was significantly inhibited. The stretch-induced activation of MAPKs was also significantly abolished by either treatment with Gd(3+) or extracellular Ca(2+) removal which may inhibit intracellular Ca(2+) increase caused by the activation of cation selective (Ca(2+)-permeable) stretch activated (SACatC) channels. These results suggest that the stretch-induced tyrosine-phosphorylation of FAK via SACatC activation is critical for the stretch-induced MAPKs activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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