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Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1999 Nov 29;354(1391):1825-9.

Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization in a lowland evergreen rainforest.

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  • 1Herbarium Bogoriense, Bogor, Indonesia.


A nutrient addition experiment was set up in August 1993 in a species-rich primary lowland dipterocarp forest in Barito Ulu, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The following treatments were applied: control, +N, +P and +NP. There were five blocks of four 50 m x 50 m plots with a separate treatment for each plot. Fine litterfall was measured on all the plots from 1 May 1994 for 12 months. Litterfall mass and phosphorus concentrations were significantly higher in all the fertilizer treatments compared with the controls. All trees (> or = 10 cm dbh) were measured in August 1993 and in August 1998, and there was no significant girth increment response to fertilization in dipterocarps or non-dipterocarps. Dipterocarps of the red meranti group showed a doubling of girth increment in the +NP treatment, however, the difference from the control fell short of significance.

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