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Oncol Rep. 2001 Nov-Dec;8(6):1371-4.

Chemoimmunotherapy of cancer: potentiated effectiveness of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and ifosfamide derivative CBM-4A.

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Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.


The effectiveness of combined chemoimmunotherapy with ifosfamide derivative CBM-4A and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was investigated in two experimental tumor models, 3MC-induced MHC class I+ sarcoma Mc12 and HPV16 E6/E7 oncogene-induced MHC class I- carcinoma MK16, transplanted in syngeneic mice. Treatment of Mc12 and MK16 tumor-bearing mice with GM-CSF or CBM-4A alone produced moderate anti-tumor effects. However, when the tumor-bearing mice were first treated i.p. with a single dose of CBM-4A (150 mg/kg) and three days later peritumorally with five daily doses of GM-CSF (100 ng/day), substantially stronger tumor-inhibitory effects were observed. The results indicate that in both, MHC class I+ and MHC class I- tumors, the combined chemoimmunotherapy can inhibit tumor progression more effectively than GM-CSF therapy or chemotherapy alone, and they suggest that GM-CSF should be considered as adjuvant to chemotherapy in clinical trials with HPV 16-associated neoplasms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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