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Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2001 Oct;19(8):367-70.

[Nasal carriers of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among cuban children attending day-care centers].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Infecciones Respiratorias Agudas Bacterianas. Instituto Pedro Kourí. Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba. gilda@ipk.sld.cu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent but scarce reports of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (MRSA) among children without risk factors associated with its acquisition prompted us to investigate its presence in the community.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

During the September and October months in 1997, nasal and pharyngeal swabs were obtained from 358 children aged less than five years who attended three day-care centers in the Marianao Area, La Habana City, Cuba. The isolated S. aureus strains were characterized for antimicrobial sensitivity using the Kirby-Bauer method. Methicillin resistance was confirmed by te Oxacillin Salt-Agar Screening-Plate method recommended by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards.

RESULTS:

18.7% of children were carriers of S. aureus in the upper respiratory tract; 2.2% of children carried MRSA strains. The highest resistance levels corresponded to erythromycin (50.74%) and tetracycline (29.9%). All tested strains were sensitive to ciprofloxacin.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results provide evidence on the recovery of MRSA strains among healthy children attending day-care centers and are suggestive of a rapid colonization and spread of these microorganisms in the community.

PMID:
11602137
DOI:
10.1016/s0213-005x(01)72668-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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