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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Oct;86(10):5008-16.

Thyrocytes from autoimmune thyroid disorders produce the chemokines IP-10 and Mig and attract CXCR3+ lymphocytes.

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Department of Endocrinology, Hospital de la Princesa, Universidad Autónoma, Madrid 28006, Spain.


To better understand the selective migration of lymphocytes in autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITDs), we analyzed thyroid samples and demonstrated an enhanced expression of the chemokines interferon (IFN)-inducible protein (Ip)-10 and regulated on activation normal T lymphocyte expressed and secreted (RANTES) in thyroids from AITD patients. Ip-10 and monokine induced by IFN-gamma (Mig) were expressed in vivo in thyroid follicular cells (TFCs) from AITD thyroids. Interestingly, Ip-10 mRNA, although not basally detected in cultured TFCs, was strongly induced by IFN-gamma and synergistically increased by TNF-alpha addition. Furthermore, high levels of Ip-10 protein were detected in the supernatants of IFN-gamma-stimulated TFCs. Likewise, Mig protein was strongly induced in TFCs by the same stimuli as Ip-10. Unlike Ip-10 and Mig, the expression of RANTES was induced mainly by TNF-alpha. In addition, intrathyroidal lymphocytes from AITD patients showed higher expression of CXCR3, CCR2, and CCR5 chemokine receptors than autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes. T lymphoblasts expressing CXCR3 showed an increased migration to supernatants from stimulated TFCs, which was abolished by specific antibodies to the chemokines Ip-10 and Mig, as well as to their receptor CXCR3. Taken together, these data suggest a potential role of TFCs, through the production of the chemokines Ip-10, Mig and RANTES, in regulating the recruitment of specific subsets of activated lymphocytes in AITDs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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