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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Oct;86(10):4759-64.

IL-1beta induction of RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) chemokine gene expression in endometriotic stromal cells depends on a nuclear factor-kappaB site in the proximal promoter.

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Reproductive Endocrinology Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0276, USA.


A complex network of cytokines mediates immunoregulatory responses in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) is a chemoattractant for monocytes and T cells. Endometriotic lesions express RANTES, and its concentration in peritoneal fluid correlates with the severity of endometriosis. We investigated the influence of IL-1beta, a potent macrophage cytokine, on RANTES production in endometriotic stromal cells and determined the region of the RANTES promoter responsible for IL-1beta action. RANTES mRNA was induced 5-fold in endometriotic stromal cells, and the conditioned medium RANTES protein concentrations were 12-fold higher in IL-1beta-treated endometriotic stromal cells vs. untreated controls (P < 0.05). IL-1beta activated the full-length (-940 bp) RANTES promoter as well as a truncated 456-bp 5'-flanking construct by 2-fold. Mutagenesis of a nuclear factor-kappaB response element at -30 bp abolished the IL-1beta effect, whereas mutation of a nearby TNF response element did not affect the IL-1beta induction. An IL-1beta time-course Western assay revealed a rapid diminution of IkappaB (endogenous inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB) in endometriotic stromal cells. Overexpression of IkappaB in endometriotic stromal cells inhibited the IL-1beta response of the RANTES gene promoter. Transcription of RANTES mRNA is up-regulated by IL-1beta via a nuclear factor-kappaB response element in the proximal RANTES gene promoter. These results demonstrate a feed-forward regulatory loop in the pathogenesis of endometriosis by which IL-1beta produced from activated macrophages can lead to further macrophage recruitment via RANTES production in endometriotic stromal cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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