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The effect of sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine on cultured human periodontal ligament cells.

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1
School of Dentistry, Chung Shan Medical and Dental College, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and chlorhexidine (CHx) on cultured human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells in vitro.

STUDY DESIGN:

The effects of irrigation solutions on human PDL cells were evaluated by propidium iodide fluorescence cytotoxicity assay, protein synthesis assay, and mitochondrial activity.

RESULTS:

Both NaOCl and CHx were cytotoxic to human PDL cells in a concentration- and contact time-dependent manner. In addition, CHx inhibited protein synthesis in human PDL cells. Although NaOCl displayed cellular cytotoxicity, it showed no protein inhibition in the PDL cells. Furthermore, both NaOCl and CHx exhibited an inhibitory effect on mitochondrial activity on human PDL cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that these irrigation fluids may cause detrimental effects on vital tissues. Its clinical significance, however, needs to be evaluated further because concentration used, exposure time to the agent, and exposure surface area are important factors affecting the resulting effect.

PMID:
11598582
DOI:
10.1067/moe.2001.116812
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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