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Biochem Pharmacol. 2001 Oct 15;62(8):1013-23.

Cisplatin-induced apoptosis by translocation of endogenous Bax in mouse collecting duct cells.

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Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Pusan National University, 1 Ga, Ami-Dong, (602-739), Suh-Gu, Pusan, South Korea.


cis-platinum(II) (cis-diammine dichloroplatinum; cisplatin) is a potent antitumor compound that is widely used for the treatment of many malignancies. An important side-effect of cisplatin is nephrotoxicity, which results from injury to renal tubular epithelial cells and can be manifested as either acute renal failure or a chronic syndrome characterized by renal electrolyte wasting. Recently, apoptosis has been recognized as an important mechanism of cell death mediating the antitumor effect of cisplatin. This study was undertaken to examine the mechanisms of cell death induced by cisplatin in M-1 cells, which were derived from the outer cortical collecting duct cells of SV40 transgenic mice. Treatment of M-1 cells with high concentrations of cisplatin (0.5 and 1 mM) for 2 hr led to necrotic cell death, whereas a 24-hr treatment with 5-20 microM cisplatin led to apoptosis. Antioxidants protected against cisplatin-induced necrosis, but not apoptosis, indicating that reactive oxygen species play a role in mediating necrosis but not apoptosis induced by cisplatin and that the mechanism of cell death induced by cisplatin is concentration dependent. The low concentrations of cisplatin, which induced apoptosis in M-1 cells, did not affect the expression levels of Bcl-2-related proteins and did not activate c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (SAPK/JNK). Cisplatin induced the translocation of endogenous Bax from the cytosolic to the membrane fractions and, subsequently, the release of cytochrome c. Overexpression of Bcl-2 blocked cisplatin-induced apoptosis and Bax translocation. These observations suggest that the subcellular redistribution of Bax is a critical event in the apoptosis induced by cisplatin.

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