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Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2001 Oct;4(5):421-8.

From milliseconds to millions of years: guard cells and environmental responses.

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Biology Department, Pennsylvania State University, 208 Mueller Laboratory, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-5301, USA.


During the past year, significant advances have been made in our understanding of stomatal development and its response to climate change, and in our knowledge of how guard cell Ca(2+) oscillations encode environmental signals. Recent studies on (de)phosphorylation mechanisms have provided new information on how guard cells respond to abscisic acid and blue light.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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