Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Adv Space Res. 2001;27(5):951-6.

An active role of the amyloplasts and nuclei of root statocytes in graviperception.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine.


Three main phases are discerned in the gravitropic reaction: perception of a gravitational stimulus, its transduction, and fixation of the reaction resulting in bending of an organ. According to the starch-statolith hypothesis of Nemec and Haberlandt, amyloplasts in the structurally and functionally specialized graviperceptive cells (statocytes) sediment in the direction of a gravitational vector in the distal part of a cell while a nucleus is in the proximal one. If amyloplasts appear to act as gravity sensors, the receptors, which interact with sedimented amyloplasts, and next signaling are still unclear. An analysis of the structural-functional organization of cells in different root cap layers of such higher plants as pea, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Brassica rapa grown under 1 g, on the clinostats, and in microgravity, allows us to support the hypothesis that amyloplasts function as statoliths in statocytes, but they may not be only the passive statolithic mass. We propose that amyloplasts fulfill a more complex function by interacting with a receptor, which is a nucleus, in transduction of some signal to it. Gravity-induced statolith movement in certain order leads to a new functional connection between gravity susceptors--amyloplasts and a receptor--a nucleus receiving some signal presumedly of a mechanical or biochemical nature from the amyloplasts. During gravitropism, sugar signaling could induce expression of genes encoding auxin transport proteins in a nucleus giving the nucleus an intermediate role in signal trunsduction following perception.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center