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Eur J Neurosci. 2001 Sep;14(6):1035-40.

Projections from the superior temporal sulcus to the agranular frontal cortex in the macaque.

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Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, Università di Parma, Via Volturno, 39, I-43100 Parma, Italy.


The aim of this study was to investigate the organization of the projections from the superior temporal sulcus (STS) to the various areas forming the agranular frontal cortex. Injections of retrograde neuronal tracers were made in the various agranular areas, in nine macaque monkeys. The results showed that two rostral premotor areas, F6 (pre-SMA) and F7, and the ventrorostral part of area F2 (F2vr) are targets of projections from the upper bank of the STS (uSTS). F6 and the dorsorostral part of F7 (supplementary eye field, SEF) are targets of projections from the rostral part of the uSTS, corresponding to the so-called 'superior temporal polysensory area' (STP). In contrast, the ventral part of area F7 (not including the SEF) and F2vr are targets of afferents from the caudal part of the uSTS. Ventral F7 is the target of weak afferents from the caudalmost and dorsalmost part of the uSTS (area 7a), whilst F2vr is the target of projections from a relatively more rostral and ventral sector of the uSTS, close to the fundus of the sulcus. This sector should correspond to area MST. In conclusion, F6 and SEF receive high order information from STP, whereas ventral F7 and F2vr receive information from areas of the dorsal visual stream.

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