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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Sep;33(3):342-5.

Are children with cystic fibrosis who are treated with a proton-pump inhibitor at risk for vitamin B(12) deficiency?

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Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.



In a recent study, the authors demonstrated the beneficial effect of proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) on fat malabsorption and bone mineral content in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Prolonged use of PPI could result in vitamin B(12) deficiency as a consequence of impaired release of vitamin B(12) from food in a nonacid environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vitamin B 12 status of CF patients either treated with a PPI or not by measuring vitamin B(12) and homocysteine blood levels, the latter being a sensitive indicator of vitamin B(12) deficiency.


The study population consisted of 20 CF patients, 11 patients treated with a PPI for at least 2 years and 9 patients not treated with a PPI, and 10 healthy, age-matched control participants. Homocysteine blood levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography, and vitamin B(12) levels were measured by a competitive protein-binding assay.


Vitamin B(12) levels were significantly higher in both CF groups compared with the control participants (PPI+, P = 0.02; PPI-, P = 0.009). There was no significant difference in vitamin B(12) levels between both CF groups. Homocysteine levels were normal and similar in all groups.


Cystic fibrosis patients treated with a PPI for at least 2 years show no signs of vitamin B(12) deficiency.

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