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Analyst. 2001 Sep;126(9):1524-8.

Determination of the active ingredients in Gastrodia rhizoma by capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai.

Abstract

A simple, reliable and reproducible method, based on capillary electrophoresis (CE) with electrochemical detection (ED), for the determination of five active ingredients and three carbohydrates in extracts of Gastrodia rhizoma is described in this work. The main active ingredients are gastrodin, 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, vanillyl alcohol, 4-hydroxybenzylaldehyde and vanillin. Operated in a wall-jet configuration, a 300 microm diameter carbon disc electrode was used as a working electrode, with a good response at +1000 mV (vs. SCE) for 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, vanillyl alcohol, 4-hydroxybenzylaldehyde and vanillin; a 300 microm diameter copper disc electrode exhibits a good response at +650 mV (vs. SCE) for gastrodin, sucrose, glucose and fructose. Under optimum conditions, 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, vanillyl alcohol, 4-hydroxybenzylaldehyde and vanillin in 100 mmol l(-1) borate buffer (pH 9.2) and gastrodin, sucrose, glucose and fructose in 50 mmol l(-1) sodium hydroxide buffer were baseline separated within 18 min. The response was linear over two orders of magnitude with a detection limit (S/N = 3) in the range 3 x 10(-7)-1.8 x 10(-6) mol l(-1) for all eight analytes. This method was successfully used in the analysis of traditional Chinese medicine, and the assay results were satisfactory.

PMID:
11592643
DOI:
10.1039/b103653j
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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