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J Bacteriol. 2001 Nov;183(21):6344-54.

Interactive control of Rhodobacter capsulatus redox-balancing systems during phototrophic metabolism.

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Department of Microbiology and Plant Molecular Biology/Biotechnology Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1292, USA.


In nonsulfur purple bacteria, redox homeostasis is achieved by the coordinate control of various oxidation-reduction balancing mechanisms during phototrophic anaerobic respiration. In this study, the ability of Rhodobacter capsulatus to maintain a balanced intracellular oxidation-reduction potential was considered; in addition, interrelationships between the control of known redox-balancing systems, the Calvin-Benson-Bassham, dinitrogenase and dimethyl sulfoxide reductase systems, were probed in strains grown under both photoheterotrophic and photoautotrophic growth conditions. By using cbb(I) (cbb form I operon)-, cbb(II)-, nifH-, and dorC-reporter gene fusions, it was demonstrated that each redox-balancing system responds to specific metabolic circumstances under phototrophic growth conditions. In specific mutant strains of R. capsulatus, expression of both the Calvin-Benson-Bassham and dinitrogenase systems was influenced by dimethyl sulfoxide respiration. Under photoheterotrophic growth conditions, coordinate control of redox-balancing systems was further manifested in ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and phosphoribulokinase deletion strains. These findings demonstrated the existence of interactive control mechanisms that govern the diverse means by which R. capsulatus maintains redox poise during photoheterotrophic and photoautotrophic growth.

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