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Chir Ital. 2001 Jul-Aug;53(4):529-36.

[Endoluminal pressure: risk factor for anastomotic dehiscence in rectal carcinoma. Preliminary results].

[Article in Italian]

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Unità Operativa di Chirurgia dell'Apparato Digerente, Istituto Oncologico, Via Amendola, 209, 70100 Bari.


The aim of this work was to evaluate the risk factors for anastomotic leakage with particular reference to endoluminal pressures in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer between february 1998 and september 2000. In this preliminary report a total of 120 patients were identified; 96 patients were treated with a total mesorectal excision (with anastomosis less than 10 cm from the anal margin) for rectal cancer and 33 with a partial mesorectal excision (with anastomosis of the superior rectum) for rectosigmoid carcinoma. The leakages were observed in 10.4% of patients and the incidence of this complication was 15.6% in patients with rectal cancer. Using a transanal tube (7 x 2 cm) which reduces endoluminal pressure close to the anastomosis, a significant reduction in the number of leakages was observed. The authors suggest that the transanal tube represents a useful aid in resolving the problem of anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer and stress the importance of this simple, cheap surgical technique.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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