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J Med Chem. 2001 Oct 11;44(21):3369-77.

Potent and selective ET-A antagonists. 2. Discovery and evaluation of potent and water soluble N-(6-(2-(aryloxy)ethoxy)-4-pyrimidinyl)sulfonamide derivatives.

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Discovery Research Laboratory, Tanabe Seiyaku Co., Ltd., 2-2-50 Kawagishi, Toda, Saitama, Japan 335-8505.


In the preceding article,(1) we outlined the discovery and structure-activity relationship of a potent and selective ET(A) receptor antagonist 1 and its related compounds. Metabolites of 1 having potent selective ET(A) receptor antagonist activity were identified. This study suggested the metabolic pathways of 1 were considerably affected by species. Consequently, structural modification of 1 intended to improve the complexity of the metabolic pathway, and water solubility was performed. The subsequent introduction of a hydroxyl group into the tert-butyl moiety of 1 led to the discovery of our new clinical candidate, 6b, which showed a higher water solubility, a uniform metabolic pathway among species, and very high affinity and selectivity for the human ET(A) receptor (K(i) for ET(A) receptor: 0.015 +/- 0.004 nM; for ET(B) receptor: 41 +/- 21 nM).

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