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Ann Med. 2001 Sep;33(6):410-21.

Familial hypercholesterolaemia in Finland: common, rare and mild mutations of the LDL receptor and their clinical consequences. Finnish FH-group.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is an autosomal co-dominantly inherited condition resulting from mutations of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor which occur in heterozygous form in approximately one in 500 individuals. Clinically, FH is characterized by 2-3-fold elevation of serum LDL cholesterol levels, accelerated development of atherosclerotic vascular disease, and, if untreated, shortened lifespan. The Finnish population, which represents a genetic isolate, offers exceptional possibilities for genetic-epidemiological studies on FH, as a handful of founder gene mutations account for the majority of FH cases in Finland. This review summarizes data from our FH studies carried out since 1985. We wish to emphasize the continuum of genotype-phenotype relationships, the importance of molecular diagnosis, the detection of novel risk factors of vascular disease, and innovations inhibiting cholesterol absorption for the modern treatment of FH.

PMID:
11585102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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