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J Anim Sci. 2001 Sep;79(9):2253-9.

Inclusion of an intravaginal progesterone insert plus GnRH and prostaglandin F2alpha for ovulation control in postpartum suckled beef cows.

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North Central Research and Outreach Center, University of Minnesota, Grand Rapids 55744, USA.


Four experiment stations (IL, KS, MN, and MO) conducted experiments to determine effects of introducing a CIDR (controlled internal device release) into an ovulation control program for postpartum suckled beef cows. Five hundred sixty cows were assigned randomly to two treatments: 1) 100 microg of GnRH (i.m.) followed in 7 d with 25 mg of PGF2alpha, followed in 48 h by a second injection of GnRH and one fixed-time insemination (Cosynch; n = 287) or 2) Cosynch plus one CIDR during the 7 d between the first injection of GnRH and PGF2alpha (Cosynch+P; n = 273). Cows at three stations were inseminated at the time of the second GnRH injection (n = 462), whereas 98 cows at the fourth station were inseminated 16 to 18 h after that injection. Blood samples were collected at d -17, -7, 0, and 2 relative to PGF2alpha to determine concentrations of progesterone. Ultrasonography was used to monitor follicle diameter on d 2 and to determine the presence of an embryo at 30 to 35 d after insemination. Pregnancy rates were greater (P < 0.05) for Cosynch+P- (58%) than for Cosynch-treated (48%) cows. No station x treatment interaction occurred; however, cows at MO (62%) and KS (60%) had greater (P < 0.05) pregnancy rates than those at IL (47%) and MN (44%). Cows that had follicles > 12 mm on d 2 had greater (P < 0.01) pregnancy rates than those with follicles < or = 12 mm regardless of treatment. Pregnancy rates were similar between Cosynch and Cosynch+P treatments when cycling cows had elevated concentrations of progesterone at d 0, but pregnancy rates were greater (P < 0.05) in the Cosynch+P (79%) than in the Cosynch (43%) treatment when cycling cows had low concentrations of progesterone on d 0 (at PGF2alpha injection). Similarly, among noncycling cows, pregnancy rates were greater (P < 0.05) in the Cosynch+P (59%) treatment than in the Cosynch (39%) treatment. Cows in greater body condition at the onset of the breeding season experienced improved (P < 0.001) overall pregnancy rates. Pregnancy rates for cows that calved > 50 d before the onset of the breeding season were greater (P < 0.01) than those for cows that calved < or = 50 d. Thus, treatment of suckled cows with Cosynch yielded acceptable pregnancy rates, but addition of a CIDR improved pregnancy rates in noncycling cows. Body condition and days postpartum at initiation of the breeding season affected overall efficacy of the Cosynch and Cosynch+P protocols.

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