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Am J Med Genet. 2001 Spring;106(1):37-45.

Respiratory chain complex I deficiency.

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Nijmegen Center for Mitochondrial Disorders, University Medical Center Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


Oxidative phosphorylation disorders make a contribution of 1 per 10,000 live births in man, of which isolated complex I deficiency is frequently the cause. Complex I, or NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, is the largest multi-protein enzyme complex of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain. In complex I deficiency, various clinical phenotypes have been recognized, often resulting in multi-system disorders with a fatal outcome at a young age. Recent advances in complex I deficiency, regarding clinical, biochemical, and molecular aspects are described. However, the genetic causes of about 60% of complex I deficiency remain unclear. As a consequence, further research will be needed to clarify the genetic defects in the remaining cases. Novel strategies in which interesting non-structural nuclear-encoded disease-causing genes may be found, as well as the molecular genetic composition of human complex I, are presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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