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J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 30;276(48):44512-20. Epub 2001 Sep 27.

Apolipoprotein A-V: a novel apolipoprotein associated with an early phase of liver regeneration.

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Department of Experimental Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam 1105 AZ, The Netherlands.


Liver regeneration in response to various forms of liver injury is a complex process, which ultimately results in restoration of the original liver mass and function. Because the underlying mechanisms that initiate this response are still incompletely defined, this study was aimed to identify novel factors. Liver genes that were up-regulated 6 h after 70% hepatectomy (PHx) in the rat were selected by cDNA subtractive hybridization. Besides known genes associated with cell proliferation, several novel genes were isolated. The novel gene that was most up-regulated was further studied. Its mRNA showed a liver-specific expression and encoded a protein comprising 367 amino acids. The mouse and human cDNA analogues were also isolated and appeared to be highly homologous. The human gene analogue was located at an apolipoprotein gene cluster on chromosome 11q23. The protein encoded by this gene had appreciable homology with apolipoproteins A-I and A-IV. Maximal expression of the gene in the rat liver and its gene product in rat plasma was observed 6 h after PHx. The protein was present in plasma fractions containing high density lipoprotein particles. Therefore, we have identified a novel apolipoprotein, designated apolipoprotein A-V, that is associated with an early phase of liver regeneration.

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