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Am J Kidney Dis. 2001 Oct;38(4):867-75.

Peritoneal dialysis fluids with a physiologic pH based on either lactate or bicarbonate buffer-effects on human mesothelial cells.

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Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, Heinrich Heine-University, Dusseldorf, Germany.


Conventional lactate (Lac)-buffered peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions have turned out to be detrimental to human peritoneal cells, especially because of a low pH. In the present study, we focus on potential differences between Lac and bicarbonate (Bic) as a buffer when adjusted to a physiological pH. All test fluids were buffered with either 40 mmol/L of Lac or 34 mmol/L of Bic, sterile filtered, and adjusted to a pH of 7.4. Osmotic agents used were 1.36% glucose (Glu), 3.86% Glu, 1% amino acids (AA), and 7.5% Glu polymer (Glupoly). Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) were isolated from the omentum majus, grown to confluence, and incubated after the second passage for 15 minutes (37 degrees C and 5% carbon dioxide) with the test fluids. Cytotoxicity was controlled by measuring apoptotic and necrotic cells with cytofluorometry. Aerobic cell metabolism (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide [MTT] assay) and intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations were measured to assess cell viability. Release of interleukin-6 (IL-6) from HPMCs was determined as a parameter of cellular host defense. No significant difference in apoptosis or necrosis rates was found between the solutions adjusted to normal pH. However, in the MTT assay, Bic solutions were superior to corresponding Lac pendants at an identical pH of 7.4 (P < 0.01). Intracellular ATP concentrations reflected a very similar pattern (P < 0.05). Glupoly in combination with Lac showed an impaired pattern with both the MTT and ATP assays. Regarding IL-1beta-stimulated IL-6 release, there was a small, but not significantly better, response for Bic. Differences in manifest cell cytotoxicity reflected by apoptosis and necrosis rates could not be detected comparing PD solutions buffered with Lac or Bic at a physiological pH. However, distinct parameters of cell metabolism were superior with Bic compared with Lac. Especially Glupoly was inferior in combination with Lac as a buffer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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