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Anaesthesia. 2001 Oct;56(10):927-32.

Acupuncture versus ondansetron in the prevention of postoperative vomiting. A study of children undergoing dental surgery.

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1
Department of Anaesthesia, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, PO Box 4940, 31048 Haifa, Israel. somri_m@yahoo.com

Abstract

This study compares the anti-emetic effect of acupuncture with that of ondansetron and a placebo. Ninety children undergoing dental treatment under general anaesthesia were randomly allocated to one of the three equal groups, to receive acupuncture needle insertion, intravenous ondansetron 0.15 mg x kg(-1) or a placebo. Parental satisfaction scores and the incidence of emetic episodes were recorded. A significant difference was found in the number of patients who vomited and the total number of the emetic episodes when comparing the two treatment groups with the placebo group (p < 0.0001). A significant difference was also found between the treatment groups and the placebo group with respect to parental satisfaction score (p < 0.03). We conclude that traditional Chinese acupuncture is a valid non-pharmacological alternative anti-emetic treatment that can be recommended as a prophylactic technique in children undergoing dental surgery under general anaesthesia.

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