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Am J Public Health. 2001 Oct;91(10):1671-8.

Predictors of low back pain onset in a prospective British study.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, University College of London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, England. c.power@ich.ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined predictors of low back pain onset in a British birth cohort.

METHODS:

Univariate and multivariate analyses focused on individuals who experienced onset of low back pain at 32 to 33 years of age (n= 571) and individuals who were pain free (n = 5210). Participants were members of the 1958 British birth cohort.

RESULTS:

Incident pain was elevated among those with psychological distress at 23 years of age (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.65, 3.86) and among persistent moderate or heavy smokers (adjusted OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.23, 2.17). Significant univariate associations involving other factors (e.g., social class, childhood emotional status, body mass index, job satisfaction) did not persist in multivariate analyses.

CONCLUSIONS:

This prospectively studied cohort provides evidence that psychological distress more than doubles later risk of low back pain, with smoking having a modest independent effect. Other prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings before implications for low back pain prevention can be assessed.

PMID:
11574334
PMCID:
PMC1446853
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.91.10.1671
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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