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Am J Public Health. 2001 Oct;91(10):1641-4.

Obesity and undernutrition and cardiovascular risk factors in rural and urban Gambian communities.

Author information

  • 1Medical Research Council Laboratories, PO Box 273, Banjul, the Gambia, Africa. mvdsande@mrc.gm

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study documented the prevalence of and cardiovascular risk factors associated with obesity and undernutrition in the Gambia.

METHODS:

Adults (> or =15 years; N = 5373) from rural and urban areas completed a questionnaire; their height, weight, and waist and hip circumferences were measured, and their cardiovascular risk factors were assessed.

RESULTS:

Prevalence of undernutrition (body mass index < 18 kg/m(2)) was 18.0%; all strata of society were affected. Prevalence of obesity (body mass index > or =30 kg/m(2)) was 4.0% but was higher (32.6%) among urban women 35 years or older. Cardiovascular risk factors were more prevalent among obese participants.

CONCLUSIONS:

Undernutrition coexists with obesity, demonstrating a "double burden of disease." Differential interventions should focus on high-risk groups; prevention needs a multisectorial approach.

PMID:
11574327
PMCID:
PMC1446846
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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