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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1975 Jul;4(4):399-411.

Hormonal studies in Klinefelter's syndrome.


Some aspects of the hormonal abnormalities of Klinefelter's syndrome have been studied in nineteen patients. As a group the plasma production rate, the total and free levels of testosterone, and the metabolic clearance rates of testosterone and oestradiol were low. Plasma oestradiol, LH and FSH levels were elevated and there was increased peripheral conversion of testosterone to oestradiol. The production rates of oestradiol and the binding capacities of the sex steroid binding globulin were normal. There were fluctuations in the blood levels of LH, FSH, testosterone and oestradiol, but these appeared to be less marked than in healthy men. Both LH and FSH levels were suppressed by acute or prolonged testosterone administration and there was no evidence for a differential effect on LH. It is suggested that the threshold for suppression of LH and FSH is increased in hypergonadotrophic states. Although no statistically significant relationships were found between the hormonal and clinical abnormalities of the syndrome it is probable that the hyperoestrogenism and androgen deficiency are linked to the development of the signs of feminization and hypogonadism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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