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Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2001;95(2):165-71.

Remains of 137Cs contamination in the city of Goiânia, Brazil.

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Instituto de Físcia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.


The results of measurements, performed in 1999, of the remaining 137Cs contamination in some of the sites where fragments of a radioactive source of a teletherapy unit had been manipulated in 1987 are presented. This episode occurred in the city of Goiânia, during Brazil's worst radiological accident ever reported. Using the technique of gamma ray spectrometry, analyses of both surface and profile soil and vegetable samples were made. High values of 137Cs activity per unit mass were found in soil layers at depths between 10 and 40cm from the surface. Some values exceeded by up to eight times the action level of 22.5 kBq x kg(-1) proposed by the Brazilian National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) during the decontamination process at the time of the accident, for the first year after the accident. Absorbed dose rates at 1 m above the ground were calculated from the data of 137Cs concentration in the soil and compared with those obtained from in situ gamma ray spectrometry and from thermoluminescence dosimetry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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