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Yeast. 2001 Oct;18(14):1339-45.

Cloning of a fatty acid synthase component FAS1 gene from Saccharomyces kluyveri and its functional complementation of S. cerevisiae fas1 mutant.

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Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan.


A gene encoding a fatty acid synthase component, FAS1, has been cloned from a genomic library of the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-producing yeast Saccharomyces kluyveri. This gene (named Sk-FAS1) was found to contain an open reading frame of 6150 bp, coding for 2049 amino acids. The deduced Sk-FAS1 protein showed significant (75-59%) homology with FAS proteins from the other yeasts, including S. cerevisiae, Candida albicans and Yarrowia lipolytica. The substrate-binding sites of the acetyl transferase and malonyl/palmitoyl transferase domains, and the FMN- and NADPH-binding sites of the enoyl reductase domain, were all highly conserved. Expression of the Sk-FAS1 gene in S. cerevisiae complemented genetic disruption of the S. cerevisiae FAS1 gene (Sc-FAS1), suggesting the formation of a heterogeneous complex of Sk-FAS1 (beta) and Sc-FAS2 (alpha), which is able to function to synthesize fatty acids. Compared with the isogenic wild-type of S. cerevisiae, as well as S. kluyveri, the S. cerevisiae fas1 mutant carrying the Sk-FAS1 gene showed an increase in the relative amount of 16-carbon fatty acids and a decrease in 18-carbon fatty acids.

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