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Oncogene. 2001 Sep 6;20(39):5493-502.

Differential requirement of the last C-terminal tail of Met receptor for cell transformation and invasiveness.

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1
Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCC), University of Torino Medical School, Str. Prov. 142, Km 3.95, 10060 Candiolo, Italy.

Abstract

Biological responses to Hepatocyte Growth Factor are mediated by the tyrosine kinase receptor encoded by the Met oncogene. Under physiological conditions, Met triggers a multi-step genetic program called 'invasive growth' including cell-dissociation, invasion of extracellular matrices and growth. When constitutively activated, Met can induce cell transformation and metastasis. Phosphorylation of two docking tyrosines in the receptor tail is essential for all biological responses. To investigate the role of the C-terminal part of Met, we have generated mutants lacking either the last 26 or 47 amino acids. As expected, mutants lacking the docking sites fail to mediate cell transformation and invasion. Interestingly, while Met Delta26 can mediate invasion, its transforming ability is severely impaired. Moreover, the lack of the last 26 amino acids strongly reduces Met ability to phosphorylate substrates in vitro and in vivo. These data indicate that the last 26 amino acids are required to confer the kinase its full enzymatic activity, which is critical for cell transformation but dispensable for invasive properties. Finally, we also show that up-regulation of Met enzymatic activity by insertion of a point mutation in the kinase domain (M1250T) overcomes the regulatory role played by the last 26 amino acids of the tail. It is concluded that the C-terminal domain of Met is crucial not only for recruitment of transducers but also for regulation of receptor enzymatic activity.

PMID:
11571647
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1204713
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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