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Addiction. 2001 Oct;96(10):1419-32.

A multi-dimensional analysis of cue-elicited craving in heavy smokers and tobacco chippers.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. sayette+@pitt.edu

Abstract

AIMS:

This research examined the performance of a broad range of measures posited to relate to smoking craving.

DESIGN:

Heavy smokers and tobacco chippers, who were either deprived of smoking or not for 7 hours, were exposed to both smoking (a lit cigarette) and control cues.

PARTICIPANTS:

Smokers not currently interested in trying to quit smoking (n = 127) were recruited. Heavy smokers (n = 67) averaged smoking at least 21 cigarettes/day and tobacco chippers (n = 60) averaged 1-5 cigarettes on at least 2 days/week.

MEASUREMENTS:

Measures included urge rating scales and magnitude estimations, a rating of affective valence, a behavioral choice task that assessed perceived reinforcement value of smoking, several smoking-related judgement tasks and a measure of cognitive resource allocation.

FINDINGS:

Results indicated that both deprivation state and smoker type tended to affect responses across these measurement domains.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings support the use of several novel measures of craving-related processes in smokers.

PMID:
11571061
PMCID:
PMC2636555
DOI:
10.1080/09652140120075152
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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