Send to

Choose Destination
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2001 Sep;127(9):537-44.

Expression of cell-cycle regulatory proteins in endometrial carcinomas: correlations with hormone receptor status and clinicopathologic parameters.

Author information

Department of Gynecopathology, Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, Germany.



The normal human endometrium is characterized by hormone-dependent variations in the levels of cell-cycle regulatory proteins during the menstrual cycle. As this tightly controlled system is disturbed in endometrial carcinomas, we analyzed which cell-cycle regulators are involved in endometrial carcinogenesis.


We performed Western blot analysis of five cell-cycle stimulating (cyclins D1, E, B1, cdk2, cdk4) and three cell-cycle inhibiting (p16(INK4a), p21(WAF1), Rb) proteins in 41 endometrial carcinoma specimens. In addition, expression of the estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER, PR), Ki67, and, in selected cases, p16, cyclin E, and cyclin B1 was studied by immunohistochemistry.


We found upregulation of all analyzed cell-cycle regulators in most tumors compared to normal endometrial tissue samples. Overexpression of cyclin E, cyclin B1, and p21 was associated with a less differentiated phenotype. In addition, high levels of cyclin E, cdk2, and cdk4 correlated with weak/absent ER expression, and p16 and p21 overexpression was significantly associated with low PR immunoreactivity. Cyclin B1 expression correlated with cyclin E, cdk2, cdk4, p21, Rb, and Ki67, and cyclin E expression with cyclin D1 and Rb.


We conclude that cyclin E and cyclin B1 might be the major cell-cycle regulators involved in proliferation and reduced differentiation of endometrial carcinomas. In addition, p16, p21, and Rb appear to be uncoupled from their normal cell-cycle inhibiting function in many endometrial carcinomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center