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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2001 Oct;91(4):1694-700.

Ozone causes lipid peroxidation but little antioxidant depletion in exercising and nonexercising hamsters.

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Physiology Program, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Ozone (O(3)), a major component of urban air pollution, is a strong oxidizing agent that can cause lung injury and inflammation. In the present study, we investigated the effect of inhalation of O(3) on levels of F(2)-isoprostanes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and on levels of antioxidants in the BALF and plasma of hamsters. Because antioxidants, including urate, ascorbate, GSH, and vitamin E, defend the lungs by reacting with oxidizing agents, we expected to find a decrease in antioxidant levels after O(3) exposure. Similarly, we expected an increase in the levels of F(2)-isoprostanes, which are lipid peroxidation products. Exposure to 1.0 or 3.0 parts/million (ppm) O(3) for 6 h resulted in an increase in BALF neutrophil numbers, an indicator of acute inflammation, as well as elevation of BALF F(2)-isoprostanes. The higher dose of O(3) caused an increase in the BALF level of urate and a decrease in the plasma level of ascorbate, but 1.0 ppm O(3) had no effect on BALF or plasma antioxidant levels. Exposure to 0.12 ppm O(3) had no effect on BALF neutrophils or F(2)-isoprostanes nor on BALF and plasma antioxidants. We also investigated the effect of O(3) exposure of hamsters during exercise on F(2)-isoprostane and antioxidant levels. We found that exposure to 1.0 ppm O(3) during 1 h of exercise on a laddermill increased BALF levels of F(2)-isoprostanes but had no effect on BALF neutrophils or on BALF and plasma antioxidants. These results indicate that O(3) induces inflammation and biomolecule oxidation in the lungs, whereas extracellular antioxidant levels are relatively unchanged.

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