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Toxicol In Vitro. 2001 Aug-Oct;15(4-5):277-82.

Study of cytoskeletal changes induced by okadaic acid in BE(2)-M17 cells by means of a quantitative fluorimetric microplate assay.

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ANFACO-CECOPESCA, Campus Universitario de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain.


The diarrhogenic activity of the marine toxin okadaic acid (OA) has been associated to its actin-disrupting effect, which could reflect the loosening of tight junctions in vivo. In this report, we present results obtained using a fluorimetric microplate assay for quantitative measurements of OA-induced changes on F-actin pools in BE(2)-M17 cells. The proposed method shows important advantages over classical methods in terms of rapidity, sensitivity (less than 5000 cells per well) and reproducibility, thus providing a very useful tool for studying F-actin levels in living cells. Results obtained demonstrate a time- and dose-dependent decrease of F-actin pools (IC(50)=100 nM at 1 h) in OA-treated cells, which was partly counteracted by TPA, H89, forskolin, wortmannin, ionomycin and orthovanadate at early stages, but remained unaffected after 24 h of incubation. Cells exposed for 1 h to 1 nM OA showed a slight increase of F-actin pools (1.5-fold), which was blocked by genistein and lavendustin A, thus suggesting a role for tyrosine kinases-dependent pathways in OA-induced polymerization at low concentrations. These results suggest direct interactions of Ser/Thr protein phosphatases with actin-binding proteins in the regulation of actin polymerization, thus indicating that disruption of cytoskeletal structure may be a key mechanism of OA-induced diarrhea.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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