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Electrophoresis. 2001 Aug;22(14):3019-25.

Proteome study of colorectal carcinogenesis.

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Institute of Radiobiology and Immunology, Purkyne Military Medical Academy, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.


Development of cancer is a complex process involving multiple changes in gene expression. To unravel these alterations, a proteome approach aimed at the identification of qualitative and quantitative changes in protein composition, including their post-translational modifications, attracts great attention. Our study was focused on the identification of proteins whose amount is altered in the course of malignant transformation of colon mucosa. Proteins extracted from tissue specimens or cell lysates were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Comparative analyses of 2-DE protein patterns were done using computerized image analysis. Selected proteins exhibiting statistically significant abundance alterations comparing healthy and diseased tissues were identified by mass spectrometry. Globally, we have found 57 proteins that exhibited either a significant decrease or increase in amount in pathological tissues, and 18 of these were annotated by mass spectrometry. The alterations in the expression of nine proteins were common for both precancerous and neoplastic tissues suggesting their role in colon tumorigenesis. The epithelial origin of all identified spots was checked in two cell lines Caco-2 and DLD-1 originating from well-differentiated and poorly differentiated colon carcinoma, respectively.

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