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J Food Prot. 2001 Sep;64(9):1369-76.

Survival of Listeria monocytogenes attached to stainless steel surfaces in the presence or absence of Flavobacterium spp.

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New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Limited, Food Science, University of Otago, Dunedin.


Contaminated surfaces of food processing equipment are believed to be a significant source of Listeria monocytogenes to foods. However, very little is known about the survival of Listeria in processing environments. In a mixed bacterial biofilm of L. monocytogenes and Flavobacterium spp., the number of L. monocytogenes cells attaching to stainless steel increased significantly compared to when L. monocytogenes was in a pure culture. The L. monocytogenes cells in the mixed biofilms were also recoverable for significantly longer exposure periods. On colonized coupons held at 15 degrees C and 75% humidity, decimal reduction times were 1.2 and 18.7 days for L. monocytogenes in pure and mixed biofilms, respectively. With increasing exposure time, the proportion of cells that were sublethally injured (defined as an inability to grow on selective agar) increased from 8.1% of the recoverable cell population at day 0 to 91.4% after 40 days' exposure. At 4 and -20 degrees C, decimal reduction times for L. monocytogenes in pure culture were 2.8 and 1.4 days, respectively, and in mixed culture, 10.5 and 14.4 days, respectively. The enhanced colonization and survival of L. monocytogenes on "unclean" surfaces increase the persistence of this pathogen in food processing environments, while the increase in the percentage of sublethally injured cells in the population with time may decrease the ability of enrichment regimes to detect it.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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