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Thromb Res. 2001 Aug 15;103(4):281-97.

FXa-induced responses in vascular wall cells are PAR-mediated and inhibited by ZK-807834.

Author information

1
Berlex Biosciences, Richmond, CA 94804, USA. kirk_mclean@berlex.com

Abstract

During thrombosis, vascular wall cells are exposed to clotting factors, including the procoagulant proteases thrombin and factor Xa (FXa), both known to induce cell signaling. FXa shows dose-dependent induction of intracellular Ca(2+) transients in vascular wall cells that is active-site-dependent, Gla-domain-independent, and enhanced by FXa assembly into the prothrombinase complex. FXa signaling is independent of prothrombin activation as shown by the lack of inhibition by argatroban, hirudin and the sulfated C-terminal peptide of hirudin (Hir(54-65)(SO3(-))). This peptide binds to both proexosite I in prothrombin and exosite I in thrombin. In contrast, signaling is completely blocked by the FXa inhibitor ZK-807834 (CI-1031). No inhibition is observed by peptides which block interaction of FXa with effector cell protease 1 receptor (EPR-1), indicating that this receptor does not mediate signaling in the cells assayed. Receptor desensitization studies with thrombin or peptide agonists (PAR-1 or PAR-2) and experiments with PAR-1-blocking antibodies indicate that signaling by FXa is mediated by both PAR-1 and PAR-2. Potential pathophysiological responses to FXa include increased cell proliferation, increased production of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 and increased production of prothrombotic tissue factor. These cellular responses, which may complicate vascular disease, are inhibited by ZK-807834.

PMID:
11562339
DOI:
10.1016/s0049-3848(01)00330-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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