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Thromb Res. 2001 Aug 15;103(4):281-97.

FXa-induced responses in vascular wall cells are PAR-mediated and inhibited by ZK-807834.

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Berlex Biosciences, Richmond, CA 94804, USA.


During thrombosis, vascular wall cells are exposed to clotting factors, including the procoagulant proteases thrombin and factor Xa (FXa), both known to induce cell signaling. FXa shows dose-dependent induction of intracellular Ca(2+) transients in vascular wall cells that is active-site-dependent, Gla-domain-independent, and enhanced by FXa assembly into the prothrombinase complex. FXa signaling is independent of prothrombin activation as shown by the lack of inhibition by argatroban, hirudin and the sulfated C-terminal peptide of hirudin (Hir(54-65)(SO3(-))). This peptide binds to both proexosite I in prothrombin and exosite I in thrombin. In contrast, signaling is completely blocked by the FXa inhibitor ZK-807834 (CI-1031). No inhibition is observed by peptides which block interaction of FXa with effector cell protease 1 receptor (EPR-1), indicating that this receptor does not mediate signaling in the cells assayed. Receptor desensitization studies with thrombin or peptide agonists (PAR-1 or PAR-2) and experiments with PAR-1-blocking antibodies indicate that signaling by FXa is mediated by both PAR-1 and PAR-2. Potential pathophysiological responses to FXa include increased cell proliferation, increased production of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 and increased production of prothrombotic tissue factor. These cellular responses, which may complicate vascular disease, are inhibited by ZK-807834.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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